Skip to main content

Posts

Showing posts with the label BOOLEAN ALGEBRIC INTEGRATED CIRCUITS

ARITHMETIC CALCULATION IN COMPUTERS

ARITHMETIC OPERATION AND CONVERSION DONE BY COMPUTER
As we have seen in previous post that arithmetic computation is an important thing in calculation, if a person doesn’t know arithmetic computations,he will be doomed to be in trouble during calculations that happensin everyday life.So it is necessary to learn arithmetic computation.So in this post I am going to take one step further.I am going to write about octal and hexadecimal numbers.
Now let us discuss some arithmetic conversion.Let us see what is octal and hexadecimal numbers used by digital computer.
The conversion from and to binary, octal and hexadecimal plays an important part in digital computers.Since 23 = 8 and 24 = 16 each octal digit corresponds to three binary digits and each four binary digit corresponds to one hexadecimal digit.
The conversion of from binary to octal is easily accomplished by partitioning the binary into group of three digit each, starting from binary point and preceding to the left or to the right…

SUMMARY OF MEMORY

RAM PROPERTIES Friends in the last post i tried to explain the different types of ram as well as given the details of its similarities now i am going to show you how the properties of ram can be judged .
SO LET US BEGIN.
SINGLE SIDED VS DOUBLE SIDED DIMMS or DUAL INLINE MEMORY MODULE whatever you call are often referred to as single chip or double sided to describe whether the chips are located on one or both of the modules printed circuit board .
However these terms may cause confusion or distract you from the topic, as the physical layout of the chips does not necessarily relate to how they are logically organized or accessed in whatever terms you are told.
ERROR CORECTING CODE MEMORY (ECC MEMORY) An ERROR CORRECTING CODE (or ECC) whatever general public says could be akind of computer data storage which will detect and proper the more common types of internal data corruption in simple words with firmness and boldness.

IS DIGITAL COMPUTERS ARE VALUABLE?

DIGITAL COMPUTERS
Today computers are used extensively in every day life.  It is used in basic as well as industrial, scientific and commercial purposes.  Our space program would not have been well developed without the real time monitoring of the machine of the spacecraft which was going to land on moon or any other planet of the scheduled program or launching of satellites on the orbit of earth. This is the scientific purpose i told you about while it has commercial purposes.  Like automatic data processing which the business enterprise uses.
It has many works in educational purposes for example multiple choice question answers can be checked without any error and then the results can be printed out automatically with the help of the printer which is connected to the digital computer.
  Digital computer are also used in air traffic control to control the aviation industry to help them control the planes by sending them data about the distance between the planes and the ground as well a…

THEORITICAL ALGEBRA IN COMPUTERS

ALGEBRA IN COMPUTERS

Algebra is a subject in which the problem of the sum is solved with the help of letters (I mean the letters of English language as well as Greek language).  It is mostly used by the mathematicians, engineers, scientist as well as businessmen to solve any problem of the world.  Algebra is very important in many science as well as commerce studies.  So we are going to dig deep in algebra used in computers. We will consider Boolean algebra as it is used by the computers to solve real life problems.  So let us begin.
Boolean algebra, like any othermathematical system , may be with a set of elements , a set of operators and a number of unproved axioms or postulates.    A set of elements is any collection of objects having a common property.  If S is a set and x is an element of that set the x€ S denotes that x is an element of that set.   A set with de-numberable (means a small number) number of elements is specified by braces:  A={1, 2, 3, 4} that is the element of set ar…

INTEGRATED CIRCUITS WITH A SOFTWARICAL TWIST

LOGICAL DESIGN OF FUNCTION OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS

A binary variable or called as two value variables can take the value of 0 or 1.  A Boolean functions or named as two variable function is an expression formed with binary variables, the two binary operators OR and AND, the unary operator NOT, parenthesis, and equal sign.  For a given value of the variables to made it as good and thorough, the function can be either 0 or 1.  Consider, for example, the Boolean function:

                                                 F1 = xyz’

The function as shown above F1 is equal to 1 if x = 1 and y = 1 and z’ =  1; otherwise F1 = 0.  The above is an example of a Boolean functions represented as an algebraic expression.  A Boolean function may be represented in a truth table.  To represent a function of a truth table we need a list of 2^n combination of 1s and 0s of the n binary variables and a column showing the combinations for a function equal to 0 or 1.


As shown in Table below, there are eight p…