Showing posts with label LUMINOSITY LUMINANCE. Show all posts
Showing posts with label LUMINOSITY LUMINANCE. Show all posts

Sunday, June 14, 2020

MONITORS: A COMPUTER PART


Folks today i am going to say something about an output device called monitor.  As maximum people know about monitors so i am going to write few things about monitor much of the information you know but i am going to say some few words hence please be with me.

Monitor is a primary output device.  It displays all current process application and data i.e. Running inside a computer system.  A standard monitor uses an analog vga interface, which plugs into a tp15 vga connector to a mother board.  There are two types of monitor technology available to the market.

CATHODE RAY TUBE (CRT MONITOR)

This monitor is fading in popularity but still in widespread use with older computer systems.  It is analog standard monitor a crt uses a picture tube that was used in older tube based tv sets.

  The narrow end of the picture tube contains an electron gun it emits 3 electron beams one each for red, green and blue light.  The front end of the picture tube is coated with phosphorous.  When the elecron hit the phosphorous coating it starts to glow.

Just before the phosphorous coating a metal plate called a shadow mask uses one of the three technologies phosphor triad, an aperture grill, a slotted mask.
Crt monitors are bulky, takes more desk space, consumes more power and emits more heat.  Crt monitors were available from 15 inch to 19 inch size.  It uses vga connector to attach with a cpu.


 LCD AND LED SCREENS

The most popular monitor in todays market is led monitor surpassed lcd monitors.  Because it gives better color quality, wide viewing angle and consumes less power.  It uses liquid crystal cells to polarize the light.  Lcd uses fluorescent lamp and led monitor uses led lamp for back lighting.  This display uses an array of transistors to control each cell variation are the colour bit response time and the refresh rate. 
This monitor comes with two types of transistor technology (1) passive matrix (2) active matrix.
Now i will discuss about passive matrix so lets be.
PASSIVE MATRIX
A passive matrix display does not have a dedicated transistor for each pixel or sub pixel, bit instead of a matrix of conductive traces.  In simplified terms for a single pixel, when the display is instructed  to change the crystal line alignment for a particular pixel and sends a signal  accross the x and y coordinate traces that intersect at that pixel, thus turning it on.  A 1366 * 768 resolution monitor contains 1366 transistors at that horizontal edge and 768 in vertical edge. The viewing uncle is a most unconsiderable issue of a passive matrix display.  The picture quality is muddy because the conductive traces sometimes affects the neighbouring pixels of a target pixel. The one advantage of passive matrix is it consumes less power comparing to active matrix display.

DUAL SCAN DISPLAY
A dual scan is a  variation of the passive metric display.  The classic passive matrix screen is split in half to implement a dual scan display.  Each half of the display is refreshed separably leading to increased quality.  Although dual scan improves the quality of refresh rate but it cannot rival the quality produced by active matrix.

ACTIVE MATRIX

This screen is made of several independent lcd or led pixels.   A transistor at each pixel location, when switched among various levels activates two opposing electrodes that align the pixels crystal two opposing electrodes that align the pixels crystals and alter the passage of light at that location two produce millions of colour shades. 

This type of display is very crisp and easy to look at from any angle.  It doesn’t require a scan refreshing to maintain an image.  Because transistors conduct current only in one direction and the pixels acts like a capacitor by holding its charge until it is refreshed.

 Higher refresh rate results in better video a gaining performance not for still image.  The major disadvantage of active matrix screen but it requires more power to operate all transistors.  Even if the backlight is turned of the screen can still consume power at an alarming rate.  Another problem with active matrix is light bleed.


Friday, February 28, 2020

QUALITY OF IMAGES IN DIGITAL AGE

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COLOUR AND LIGHTNESS QUALITIES OF DIGITAL IMAGES

Friends  in this post i am going to talk about the colors used in digital images or the images we get from digital machines.  

So let us start

The following terminology is helpful to know when learning about the types of digital images.

TONAL RANGE – It is also called dynamic range.  This term refers  to dark to light ranges or values in an image usually refered to as shadows midtones and highlights.  An image that contains all or most of the possible tones, rather than a smaller portion of the possible tones, Usually appeared  more details and said to have larger tonal range or dynamic range.   Tones may also reffered to as levels or intensities.

BRIGHTNESS LIGHTNESS LUMINOSITY LUMINANCE   -These terms refer to dark to light tonal characteristics, as opposed to color characteristics.  They can be thought of as describing the image as if the colors had been converted to blacks grays and whites

Hue – it is identified by the name of the color such as red orange and green.  The lightness or the darkness of the color is thought of separate from the hue.  Hue can be measured on location on the standard color wheel and expressed a degree as between 0 degree to 360 degree.

COLOR – in many instances of Photoshop color refers to the hue as a separate quality from dark to light tonal qualities.  For example it is common to say “the color in the image is good and its need to be stay the same but I need to make the changes in luminosity.”

But sometimes color refers to the overall qualities of a color – the hue component together with the lighter or darker components of the color.  For example, it is just as correct to say “that I will use the dark blue of the type”  as it is to say, “ I will use the dame blue color but one thast has a darker  luminosity for this type”.

SATURATION -  The strength or purity of the colour , or chroma saturation to represent the  amount of the hue in the color  to the amount of the black grey or white in the color.   If a color contains some black or gray it may look lighter muted and her pastel ; if it contains some white it may look lighter muted or pastel.  The maximum amount of hue, with no black gray or white mixed in would be purely and fully saturated and look like pure vivid color.  



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