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Showing posts with the label MOTHERBOARD

EXPANSION SLOTS IN MOTHERBOARD

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EXPANSION SLOTS IN MOTHERBOARD  Friends today i am going to share my knowledge and understanding of the expansion slots. So lets begin with our topic. Expansion slots are used to provide additional properties for carrying the computation task such as additional video, audio and sound, advanced graphics and Ethernet.   So lets begin with our knowledge hunting. I will start by AGP expansion slots. AGP AGP stands for ACCELARATED GRAPHICS PORT.  AGP was introduced with high speed 3D graphics display in 1996.  It is used for older graphics card types which is discontinued by PCI EX16 graphics port in 2005.   These were kernel version of AGP most of the brand in 1.5 volt DC.  AGP 1x channel and 66MHZ clock speed resulting a data table of 266 MBPS.   AGP 2x, 4x ,8x specification multiply MHZ clock to produce increase throughput. AGP 8x produces effective clock frequency of 533 MHZ resulting a throughput of 2 GBPS (2133MHZ) resulting a throughput of over a 32 bit channel. PCI PCI  stands for P

CHIPSETS OF COMPUTERS.

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A CHIPSET IS A COLLECTION OF CHIP OR CIRCUITS THAT PERFORM INTERFACE AND PERIPHERAL FUNCTION FOR THE PROCESSOR.   THIS COLLECTION OF CHIPS IS USUALLY THE CIRCUITS THAT PROVIDES INTERFACES FOR MEMORY EXPANSION CARDS AND ONBOARD PERIPHERALS AND GENERALLY DICTATES HOW A MOTHERBOARD WILL COMMUNICATE WITH THE INSTALLED PERIPHERALS. CHIPSET ARE USUALLY GIVEN A NAME AND MODEL NUMBER BY THE ORIGINAL MANUFACTURER AND MODEL ALSO TELL YOU THAT YOUR PARTICULAR CHIPSET HAVE A CERTAIN SET OF FEATURES EG TYPE OF RAM SUPPORTED TYPE AND BRAND OF ONBOARD AND SO ON. CHIPSETS CAN BE MADE UP ONE OR MORE INTEGRATED CIRCUIT CHIPS.   INTEL BASED MOTHER BOARDS TYPICALLY USE TWO CHIPS.   THE FUNCTION OF CHIPSETS CAN BE DIVIDED INTO TWO MAJOR FUNCTIONAL GROUPS CALLED NORTH BRIDGE AND SOUTH BRIDGE. NOW I AM GOING TO SHOW YOU SOME OF THE BASIC CHIPSET IN COMPUTERS AND WIDELY USED CHIPSETS USED IN MODERN COMPUTERS .   THEIR NAMES AS 1) NORTH BRIDGE 2) SOUTH BRIDGE SO LET US BEGIN IN OUR LITTLE JO

MONITORS: A COMPUTER PART

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Folks today i am going to say something about an output device called monitor.   As maximum people know about monitors so i am going to write few things about monitor much of the information you know but i am going to say some few words hence please be with me. Monitor is a primary output device.   It displays all current process application and data i.e. Running inside a computer system.   A standard monitor uses an analog vga interface, which plugs into a tp15 vga connector to a mother board.   There are two types of monitor technology available to the market. CATHODE RAY TUBE (CRT MONITOR) This monitor is fading in popularity but still in widespread use with older computer systems.   It is analog standard monitor a crt uses a picture tube that was used in older tube based tv sets.   The narrow end of the picture tube contains an electron gun it emits 3 electron beams one each for red, green and blue light.   The front end of the picture tube is coated with phos

MOTHERBOARD AND ITS FORMS

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MOTHERBOARD AND ITS FORMS The largest and most important circuit board in the computer is the motherboard.   This is also called as the main board or the system board.   The motherboard contains a socket to hold the CPU; the cpu is the component which most processing takes place. The motherboard is the most complicated piece of equipment inside the case because all devices must be communicates with the CPU installed on the motherboard.   All devices in a computer are either installed directly on motherboard or indirectly linked it to by expansion cards.   A device i.e. not installed in the motherboard is called a peripheral device. Now we will discuss something about form factors of motherboard. Form factor refers to the size and layout of motherboards.   As we think not all motherboards are alike.   In fact there is a significant difference in the capabilities and size of different motherboard form factors such as Mini –ITX and ATX.   This topic covers motherboard

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